The term ‘Human Chorionic Gonadotropin’ (also known as HCG) may sound a bit scary for women, but this hormone is more than just a scary term. It is good. It is helpful. And every woman should be grateful for having this hormone.
Qualitative HCG vs. Quantitative HCG tests
1. Women who are already pregnant may have already encountered the term during their first trimester. This is due to the fact that HCG is one of the initial tests taken in order to ascertain pregnancy. Qualitative HCG screening is conducted primarily to detect pregnancy based on the level of the said hormone in the urine. This is now more commonly known as the pregnancy test. Kits normally sold on drugstores or even supermarkets may require different methods of testing. The most common pregnancy test is the collection of sample urine in a cup where a test strip is to be dipped for a few seconds. Most of the manufacturers of these kits claim 99% accuracy.
• Main advantage of this test: Easy to perform; kits are easily obtained
• Main disadvantage of this test: Testing too early may likely lead to obtaining false-negative result
2. For more meticulous pregnant women who are not completely satisfied with pregnancy test kit results, they may opt for another procedure which also involves the calculation of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hormone. The main difference is, this time it will be performed by extracting blood. This pregnancy screening procedure is now called Quantitative HCG test. Aside from confirming pregnancy, this test is also used to obtain crucial information about the general health of the fetus. This quantitative procedure is able to detect early on if there are certain abnormalities in the fetus. This test is also crucial for women who underwent unplanned termination of pregnancy (miscarriages).
• Main advantage of this test: accurate and can be performed by professional health care provider
• Main disadvantage of this test: It requires the patient to go to the clinic.
When should HCG screening be performed?
The basic answer to this question is – it depends on the purpose. When the test is to be done to confirm pregnancy, the specific time or date to perform the test depends on how well the woman really knows her menstrual cycle. Although most manufacturers of the pregnancy kits claim that pregnancy can be detected even just one day after missing the period, it is still recommended to wait for a full ten days before conducting the test.
When the blood test is preferred, test results may likely be more accurate as this test is far more sensitive and can be performed even just after 48 hours of the supposed date of menstruation. This is the reason that many OB-Gynecologists still require blood tests even after a woman has undergone several urine tests to confirm pregnancy.
HCG and Ectopic Pregnancy
On certain cases, health practitioners may require a woman to undergo quantitative hCH (blood) test if she is suspected of having ectopic pregnancy. This can be particularly critical, especially if the woman experiences the following signs and symptoms during the early stages of pregnancy:
• Heavy vaginal bleeding (different from ‘spotting’)
• Extreme pain in the lower back
• Dizziness, fainting
• Low blood pressure
• Pain in the pelvic area
Ectopic pregnancy is detrimental to the survival of the pregnant woman. The use of quantitative Human Chorionic Gonadotropin test is to avoid the potential rupture of the amniotic sac which could lead to poisoning and cardiac arrest.
Understanding the key responsibilities of this hormone in your life prevents the how’s and why’s that can simply produce unnecessary stress, especially for a pregnant woman. So be grateful for drop of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin in your body.
Every woman should be grateful for having HCG hormone, want more updates visit 1hcgdrops.